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Pronunciation - Useful links

Page history last edited by Béatrice H. Alves 2 years, 8 months ago

 

Pronunciation

 


 

Descriptors

4.6.2 Pronunciation (according to ICAO document 9835 2nd edition)

The six levels of pronunciation descriptors are applicable at all levels to native and non-native speakers. This implies that native English speakers may demonstrate Elementary Level 2 proficiency if their regional dialect is so localized that it is not readily understood by those outside of that particular region. On the other hand, speakers whose speech patterns clearly identify them as non-native speakers (having a so-called “accent”) may demonstrate Expert Level 6 proficiency, as long as this meets the criterion of “almost never” interfering with ease of understanding.

Pre-operational 3:

 

Operational 4:

Extended 5:

Expert 6:

Pronunciation, stress, rhythm

and intonation are influenced

by the first language or

regional variation and

frequently interfere with ease

of understanding.

 

Pronunciation,

stress, rhythm and intonation

are influenced by the first

language or regional variation,

but only sometimes interfere

with ease of understanding.

 

Pronunciation,

stress, rhythm and intonation,

though influenced by the first

language or regional variation,

rarely interfere with ease of

understanding.

 

Pronunciation,

stress, rhythm and intonation,

though possibly influenced by

the first language or regional

variation, almost never

interfere with ease of

understanding.

 

Accent at this Pre-operational

Level 3 is so strong as to

render comprehension by an

international community of

aeronautical radiotelephony

users very difficult or

impossible. It should be noted

that native or secondlanguage

speakers may be

assessed at this level in cases

where a regional variety of the

language has not been

sufficiently attenuated.

 

Operational Level 4 speakers

demonstrate a marked

accent, or localized regional

variety of English.

Occasionally, a proficient

listener may have to pay close

attention to understand or

may have to clarify something

from time to time. Operational

Level 4 is certainly not a

perfect level of proficiency; it

is the minimum level of

proficiency determined to be

safe for air traffic control

communications. While it is

not an Expert level, it is

important to keep in mind that

pronunciation plays the critical

role in aiding comprehension

between two non-native

speakers of English.

 

Extended Level 5 speakers

demonstrate a marked

accent, or localized regional

variety of English, but one

which rarely interferes with

how easily understood their

speech is. They are always

clear and understandable,

although, only occasionally, a

proficient listener may have to

pay close attention.

 

An Expert Level 6 speaker

may be a speaker of English

as a first language with a

widely understood dialect or

may be a very proficient

second-language speaker,

again with a widely used or

understood accent and/or

dialect. The speakers’ accent

or dialect may or may not

identify them as secondlanguage

users, but the

pronunciation patterns or any

difficulties or “mistakes”

almost never interfere with the

ease with which they are

understood. Expert speakers

are always clear and

understandable.

 

 

Useful links

You will find useful links to work on specific points of your pronunciation HERE.

 

 

 

 

And more below:

 

List of main words Brazilian pilots should pay attention to

Para comunicarmos efetivamente em linguagem falada, a pronúncia dos interlocutores precisa ser inteligível. A escala de níveis da Organização de Aviação Civil Internacional (OACI), no quesito “Pronúncia” (de uma forma ampla), solicita que seja avaliado se a pronúncia (fonologia segmental), a intensidade, o ritmo e a entonação (fonologia prosódica) são influenciados pela língua materna ou variação regional, e com que frequência interferem na facilidade de compreensão. A pronúncia, intensidade, ritmo e entonação de um candidato nível 4, por exemplo, “são influenciadas pela língua materna ou variação regional, mas apenas algumas vezes interferem na facilidade de compreensão.” Já a pronúncia de um candidato nível 6, apesar de ainda poder ser influenciada pela língua materna ou variação regional, “quase nunca interfere na facilidade de compreensão.” Entretanto, os aspectos da pronúncia que levam para um texto falado mais inteligível ainda não são muito bem conhecidos. Aspectos considerados importantes para fazer essa distinção são, entre outros, o uso correto, durante a fala, do tom, entonação, acento e ritmo. O Manual de Implementação dos Requisitos de Proficiência Linguística (DOC 9835) enumera alguns casos, como: distinção e duração das vogais (curta e longa, como nas palavras “hit” e “heat”); o correto posicionamento do acento das palavras, como na palavra “radar”; a marcação dos acentos de pitch e das marcas entoacionais de fronteira; e o ato de evitar a simplificação ou redução de alguns dígrafos e encontros consonantais, seja na mesma palavra ou em duas palavras pronunciadas conjuntamente (como, por exemplo, o encontro das consoantes “st” e “fl”, ligando as palavras “test flight”, que poderia ser pronunciado “tes flight”). Para entender mais sobre o tema, clique aqui. Treine a pronúncia das principais palavras, tiradas do SDEA, que os candidatos pronunciaram de forma que dificultou a compreensão 

 

BBC - Pronunciation videos and exercises

A great series of videos and exercises.  You choose the sound you want to work on or the exercises that match your difficulties.

English Central

 

A cool site to work on your pronunciation and listening.

"Our unique speech recognition platform allows you to practice SPEAKING with any video you choose and then get INSTANT FEEDBACK on how well you are doing."

 

Rachel's English

A great channel to help you improve your pronunciation.
Here is an example

 

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